My Apothecary Chest: in 1994, it arrived via container to California from Hong Kong, where I discovered beading during an ex-pat assignment. Serves as the repository for my beads. Handcrafted. It has 52 Drawers, mostly sorted by color.
2017 Challenge: Create a Necklace a Week, using only the Beads from one Drawer at a time. Voila! 52 Necklaces!
Week 27/Drawer 27: July 5, 2017: “Things Rare and Strange”
When I found these opaque aqua beads in a section of Drawer 27, I gasped at their beauty, mostly due to the intensity of their color. As I fondled them, I realized there were subtle differences in their aqua shades; I also observed they were so old that their faceted surfaces had become smooth! They are trade beads, after all. These discoveries made this strand mysterious—what secrets were they sheltering?
Since the secrets are unknowable, let me address “What the heck are Vaseline Beads?”
Beads have been made in Bohemia (Czechoslovakia) since the Romans occupied it in 400 AD. Until 1400, they mostly made rosary beads. In the 1500’s, a major expansion in bead-making began, attracting Spanish, Italian and English traders. In 1800, the Industrial Revolution invented machines that produced pressed glass beads in great volume, different designs, and at lower prices.
One of those innovations was fluorescent Vaseline glassware and beads. The fluorescence was created by the adding uranium salts to the glass. They kept lowering the amount of uranium to the 1-2% that worked. It actually shone in the dark! Today, with electric lights, a black light is needed to see the fluorescence.
Vaseline beads had their heyday from 1900 to 1920 and continued to be made until artisans lost their ability to buy uranium when governments became universal procurers in the 1940’s.
Typical Vaseline beads are transparent in color and usually yellowish green. The short strand third from left look to me like they may be shine-in-the-dark variety!
They were so named because their color resembled the petroleum jelly sold in the 1900’s under the Vaseline label. Doesn’t that sound so mundane for beads made from uranium?
My opaque aqua beads are called Vaseline Beads, but they are a variation: during the Depression, iron oxide (a glass-ceramic) was added to the formula to create opacity.
Today’s collections of Depression glass, milk glass, Fire King tableware, etc. all have roots in Bohemia, uranium, and iron oxide!
Before closing, let me name the other beads I used in this necklace: aqua serpentine which is a cousin of jade; Czech glass “spades” drops; round matte glass which looks like ceramic due to iron oxide. Also I was quite pleased to find an aqua glass circle in my “creative clasp stash” and made a sterling silver toggle for it.
The necklace is 20”. $115.